Thursday, December 18, 2014

Extended Fibonacci and the 60 End Digit Fibonacci Pattern

(I've included the Extended Fibonacci graphic for reference)
The color coding denotes the Sequence that arise from the individual number, not the number itself.
The 4 odd numbers (1, 3, 7, 9), the exception being number 5, have the pattern sequences of itself and the other 3 occurring every 15 Fibonacci steps.
The 4 even numbers (2, 4, 6, 8) have the pattern sequences of itself and the other 3 occurring every 5 Fibonacci steps, the full set of which recur every 20 Fibonacci Steps.
The number 5 and its multiples seems to be the fulcrum.
- Chad Adams


Friday, September 26, 2014

Our Localized Light Bubble


The diameter of the Sun is 864,000 miles.
The radius of the Sun is 432,000 miles.

The natural harmonic frequency of nature is 432hz.

432 squared (432 x 432) = 186,624

186,624 is the speed of light in miles per second.

The Inverse-Square Law states:
"In physics, an inverse-square law is any physical law stating that a specified physical quantity or intensity is inversely proportional to the square of the distance from the source of that physical quantity."

Occam's Razor states:
"...among competing hypotheses, the one with the fewest assumptions should be selected. Other, more complicated solutions may ultimately prove correct, but—in the absence of certainty—the fewer assumptions that are made, the better."

My conclusion is that we exist in a localized light bubble.  The source of light in our light bubble (heliosphere) is the sun, and the sun emits light from its direct center and radiates outward.  By the time light attains outer shell of sun, 432,000 miles from its center, the most harmonic of frequencies becomes 432.  Due to the law of inverse-square, light maxes out at 186,624 seconds per mile (again, 432x432).

Anything coming into the interior of our light bubble (again, the heliosphere) from the exterior (interstellar space), succumbs to the frequency nets of the localized area of inner heliosphere.  Anything that measures something where both the one doing the observational measuring, and the thing being measured, is 'converted' to observational influence of the localized medium.  In other words, whatever is measured can only be measured by the medium it consists of, and is submerged in.

Every solar system has its own variations and variables.  Light speed and physics laws are not universal.  They are all influenced by the localized medium, with occasional bleed through from galactic center and other mediums that the solar system itself is submerged in.

- Chad Adams

Friday, September 19, 2014

We are Dynamic Expressions of Pi




Consciousness is everything.  It resides within everything.  Everything non-material is consciousness.  Everything material is consciousness that is structured for specific functions.  Along with that, is the bridge, the eye, that is the center of mass, the two pyramids, the ascending and descending, perfectly joined.

Consciousness is spirit.  It is both within and without everything.

We are talking of quantum sizes, and because of the fractal nature of it, these torus models are nested within each other as well, all the way to the quantum state and the 'bridge'.  So, the entirety of what is the material body contains consciousness.  Then, there are complex areas of relations that can 'draw' in, or understand consciousness better.  Your brain, for example.  Your heart.  Your organs.  They are structured to allow consciousness to be sentient within the material.  But, your skin doesn't hold that property.  It is not complex and structured correctly for the function of sentient thinking.  BUT, it still contains consciousness, as is obvious when you cut your finger and white blood cells automatically go and try to repair it.  You are a vessel that holds consciousness, and interprets consciousness in different ways depending on the structure of the biology.  Systems within systems, material groupings.

All of it is as much individual as it is collective.  It is all consciousness though.  All 'god', or spirit, or whatever you want to define consciousness as.  Even our DNA has the consciousness in it.  It structures the individual human body, or any other biological structure.  But, consciousness is within everything, it is just a matter of how the 'building blocks' of mass are organized that depends on how the consciousness 'works' or is filtered.

When you imagine the single torus (not all three), well, it is the first manifestation of mass out of quantum potential.  A sphere (torus) is the most efficient form in the universe.  So, the torus is spherical in shape, but in order to access spirit, or consciousness, once it becomes a stable self perpetuating wave, it needs a type of bridge.  There needs to be a way to have the non-material inside the material.  So, the torus form allows the inversion process to occur and allows non-material to exist within the material...within mass itself!

Remember, this from that I have put together is before the first solid becomes solid.  It is quantum soup that is manifesting into mass.  Since it is the foundational construct, we will see the 'form' within all of the material universe.

And, we do.

A decade or two ago, I was reading up on Ken Wilbur's work.  I found that the concept of Holon's provides the viewpoint of 'being the point that is not a point’.  This concept is similar to this model, where the entire construct is actually more of a cloud of energy that is defining itself through motion.

I am not only the three model torus, but its potential as well.  Not only that, but just as the spin states directional definition is based on placement of observation, so too with perceptional viewing.  That is why perception and how we perceive the inner and outer universe is so 'relative'.

Tentative Hypothetical One; a state of where focus resides.  It is the overlaying of varying degrees of opaqueness and which 'density' of opaqueness you choose to view.  It is when we are free.  When we have True Free Will within.  Then we can we truly manifest our own passions, loves, etc.  The one, leads to the other, flowing through the chains of the common human life at this time (chained within materiality by the systems we have grown up in).  Going fractally, one leads to separation of the other end (material side).  And one leads to the inclusion of both (spiritual side).  The inclusion of both is done once we are able to break from the system.  Exist outside of the systems influence.

We spin around and around these concepts internally and externally, and then there are the influences from without self that affect the internal and external dances we live by.

We are centrally one torus, doing the dance of the two other torus while embodied here, existing as all of them.  We are spinning gradients blending throughout all the spins, and where areas of various interacting outer flowing wave aspects of the spins express synergy within the interstices, the waves harmonically sync and become the tensegrity of solidity by means of standing waves; the effect of the harmonic sync [i]cause[/i].  Where perception gazes and biases lie (no pun intended) determines where and how you are spread out through the construct.  How resonant you are, and how dissonant you are.  We are still the entire structure, we are just spread out through it in varying areas and degrees of focal length and density.

Golden Spiral or Fibonacci , the design is the design.

Looking it from the Golden Mean ration, and not the Fibonacci, we can imagine the structure getting tighter and tighter the more 'in' we go.  But, we are already talking about extremely small states, just past manifestation of the quanta, if my thinking is right.

Anyway, at that size, perhaps it's best not to think of it as an 'area'.  There must be a convergence area that results in the inversion.  Intuitively, I would say it has something to do with Planck scale and Coulomb.  It would be an 'area' where it becomes quantum, just as the quantum becomes it.  The quantum criticality interstice.

Oh, I just got a deep vision of it.  The three torus become 'entangled' at the time it inverts.  They are all spinning together, almost like 'gears'.  Then, there is a place where all three of them are tangled within each other.  That’s the place the inversion happens.  But, it is always happening.  

It is the motion of the spirals that 'force' the aether in and out of the structure in the center convergence areas of the interacting spiral spins of standing wave energy forms.  The structure is the specific motions that are created from the charge through the field.  It is not a 'something'.  It is charges that are moving that create magnetism like effects that work on the aether.  It itself is not inverting/reverting.  It is 'forcing' the aether to invert/revert.  wow.
lol, that was a good tangent.

Ok, I have always thought that it would have to be within the nature of pi.  In my mind, I cannot see any other option.  It would make 'perfect' sense as only it could create the areas of inversion.

Within that deviation from static perfection, as irrational as it may sound, we are of a dynamic pi nature.

- Chad Adams

Tuesday, August 26, 2014

On Nature and the Control of Creativity: Nikola Tesla as a Case Study

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B17t2HhTjZgFWlowM2Rxa2VTNUk/edit?usp=sharing


University of Belgrade, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Serbia

Abstract. Nikola Tesla is undoubtedly the greatest inventor in the history of electrical engineering, and what makes him especially fascinating was his unusual mental control of creative visions. In this paper it is pointed out that they may sarve as an extraordinary ‘case study’ for understanding both biophysical basis of transpersonal psychology and control of creative processes, in meditation and sleep. This can presumably provide deeper understanding of this most complex cognitive issue, thus helping humankind in developing collective knowledge, experience, and wisdom.

Read the entire paper HERE

Robert Waggoner's Lucid Dream Interview with Chad Adams


"I was seeing how far I could go.  I wanted experiences that were beyond any experience you could have in a physical body...
...‘There were three significant areas I felt I was being shown and these completely changed my perspective of ‘the nature of reality.’ To generalize the three, I would say one is science based, one is spiritually based, and one is the ability of lucid dreams to change how you view and experience life. I call it, playing in my sandbox.’"

-excerpt from interview

Product DetailsA couple months ago, Robert Waggoner, author of Lucid Dreaming: Gateway to the Inner Self, asked if he could interview me for his magazine, Lucid Dreaming Experience.
I feel that his book is one of the best reads for lucid dreamers, both beginners and advanced, so i was honored to be asked to be interviewed for my abilities and experiences of lucid dreaming.

I found Robert Waggoner to be a wonderful man, sincere and is a lucid dreamer himself.  We took our time and spent about 2 months back and forth and finalized the interview for the June edition of the magazine.

Hope you enjoy!
  https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B17t2HhTjZgFc1o4NzhVRUk1cHM/edit?usp=sharing
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B17t2HhTjZgFc1o4NzhVRUk1cHM/edit?usp=sharing

- Chad Adams

Tuesday, August 5, 2014

Flower of Life created from Cymatic Image

Testing My Table with Cymatics

Pretty interesting.  I was pleasantly surprised to see that this aligned so well.
Some notes:

Every bubble (circle) has as its center node, a 9.
Whenever a 'bubble' overlaps another, the place of convergence has a 9.
When one 'side' is compared to the other, the numbers can be added and always equals 9.
The entire form seems to be a fractal dipole construct.  Ex: when one side contains 6 6 6 3,  the other side will be 3 3 3 6.

This form creates Metatron's Cube as well as the Flower of Life patterns.


- Chad Adams

Monday, August 4, 2014

Pillars Boaz and Jachin like Representation of Perfect Union of Divinity and Flesh

3 and 6 are like the two pillars, Boaz and Jachin.  Incredibly, when I remove the column of Fibonacci single digit solutions derived from 3 and 6, as well as the infinite loop of 9's, it creates the symbolic representation of divinity descending into flesh, and flesh ascending towards divinity, perfectly merged.


- Chad Adams

Tuesday, July 22, 2014

Magic Square of Moon Resides in my 216 Golden Rectangle


 I found that the 216 Golden Rectangle of mine matches the Magic Square of the Moon.

Here are the numbers for the moon.

When I reduce all the numbers to single digit numbers, it results in this:


37 78 29 70 21 62 13 54 5
1 6 2 7 3 8 4 9 5
6 38 79 30 71 22 63 14 46
6 2 7 3 8 4 9 5 1
47 7 39 80 31 72 23 55 15
2 7 3 8 4 9 5 1 6
16 48 8 40 81 32 64 24 56
7 3 8 4 9 5 1 6 2
57 17 49 9 41 73 33 65 25
3 8 4 9 5 1 6 2 7
26 58 18 50 1 42 74 34 66
8 4 9 5 1 6 2 7 3
67 27 59 10 51 2 43 75 35
4 9 5 1 6 2 7 3 8
36 68 19 60 11 52 3 44 76
9 5 1 6 2 7 3 8 4
77 28 69 20 61 12 53 4 45
5 1 6 2 7 3 8 4 9

Line 7 on my table:  5 1 6 2 7 3 8 4 9 


-Chad Adams

Square of Saturn found in the 216 Golden Rectangle

- Chad Adams

Thursday, July 17, 2014

A Mountain Sacred - to Breach the In-Between



The Mountain is sacred in so many mythologies.  The ascent…

What is a tree’s sole/soul purpose?

To breach the in-between.

It is rooted in the earth, yet constantly strives for the light, for the Sun.  It knows.  There is no error in this and no doubt.  It knows in a way only life does; to reach for the source that is the provider of life.

It reaches down.
And it reaches up.

It is like a pure form of being living for ascension through balance.  The lower, denser aspects restrict and ground.  The upper, lighter aspects provide freedom and heights.

A mountain is doing the same thing, in the eyes of the seeker.  Yet it is so grand! And lifts all upon it closer to the source of higher light and freedom.

And yet, it is ground.

- Chad Adams

Tuesday, June 17, 2014

Golden Ratio Discovered in Quantum

January 7, 2010
Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres

Researchers have for the first time observed a nanoscale symmetry hidden in solid state matter. They have measured the signatures of a symmetry showing the same attributes as the golden ratio famous from art and architecture.

Researchers from the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie (HZB), in cooperation with colleagues from Oxford and Bristol Universities, as well as the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, UK, have for the first time observed a nanoscale symmetry hidden in solid state matter. They have measured the signatures of a symmetry showing the same attributes as the golden ratio famous from art and architecture. 

The research team is publishing these findings in the Jan. 8, 2010 issue of the journal Science.

On the atomic scale particles do not behave as we know it in the macro-atomic world. New properties emerge which are the result of an effect known as the Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle. In order to study these nanoscale quantum effects the researchers have focused on the magnetic material cobalt niobate. It consists of linked magnetic atoms, which form chains just like a very thin bar magnet, but only one atom wide and are a useful model for describing ferromagnetism on the nanoscale in solid state matter.

When applying a magnetic field at right angles to an aligned spin the magnetic chain will transform into a new state called quantum critical, which can be thought of as a quantum version of a fractal pattern. Prof. Alan Tennant, the leader of the Berlin group, explains "The system reaches a quantum uncertain -- or a Schrödinger cat state. This is what we did in our experiments with cobalt niobate. We have tuned the system exactly in order to turn it quantum critical."

By tuning the system and artificially introducing more quantum uncertainty the researchers observed that the chain of atoms acts like a nanoscale guitar string. Dr. Radu Coldea from Oxford University, who is the principal author of the paper and drove the international project from its inception a decade ago until the present, explains: "Here the tension comes from the interaction between spins causing them to magnetically resonate. For these interactions we found a series (scale) of resonant notes: The first two notes show a perfect relationship with each other. Their frequencies (pitch) are in the ratio of 1.618…, which is the golden ratio famous from art and architecture." Radu Coldea is convinced that this is no coincidence. "It reflects a beautiful property of the quantum system -- a hidden symmetry. Actually quite a special one called E8 by mathematicians, and this is its first observation in a material," he explains.

The observed resonant states in cobalt niobate are a dramatic laboratory illustration of the way in which mathematical theories developed for particle physics may find application in nanoscale science and ultimately in future technology. Prof. Tennant remarks on the perfect harmony found in quantum uncertainty instead of disorder. "Such discoveries are leading physicists to speculate that the quantum, atomic scale world may have its own underlying order. Similar surprises may await researchers in other materials in the quantum critical state."

The researchers achieved these results by using a special probe -- neutron scattering. It allows physicists to see the actual atomic scale vibrations of a system. Dr. Elisa Wheeler, who has worked at both Oxford University and Berlin on the project, explains "using neutron scattering gives us unrivalled insight into how different the quantum world can be from the every day."

However, "the conflicting difficulties of a highly complex neutron experiment integrated with low temperature equipment and precision high field apparatus make this a very challenging undertaking indeed." In order to achieve success "in such challenging experiments under extreme conditions" the HZB in Berlin has brought together world leaders in this field. By combining the special expertise in Berlin whilst taking advantage of the pulsed neutrons at ISIS, near Oxford, permitted a perfect combination of measurements to be made.

Big Bang Theory Still Very Much in Question

Experts cast doubt on Big Bang bolstering discovery by Staff Writers Washington (AFP) June 14, 2014
 


Astrophysicists are casting doubt on what just recently was deemed a breakthrough in confirming how the universe was born: the observation of gravitational waves that apparently rippled through space right after the Big Bang.

If proven to be correctly identified, these waves -- predicted in Albert Einstein's theory of relativity -- would confirm the rapid and violent growth spurt of the universe in the first fraction of a second marking its existence, 13.8 billion years ago.

The apparent first direct evidence of such so-called cosmic inflation -- a theory that the universe expanded by 100 trillion trillion times in barely the blink of an eye -- was announced in March by experts at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.

The detection was made with the help of a telescope called BICEP2, stationed at the South Pole.
"Detecting this signal is one of the most important goals in cosmology today," John Kovac, leader of the BICEP2 collaboration at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, said at the time.

The telescope targeted a specific area known as the "Southern Hole" outside the galaxy where there is little dust or extra galactic material to interfere with what humans could see.

By observing the cosmic microwave background, or a faint glow left over from the Big Bang, the scientists said small fluctuations gave them new clues about the conditions in the early universe.

The gravitational waves rippled through the universe 380,000 years after the Big Bang, and these images were captured by the telescope, they claimed.

If confirmed by other experts, some said the work could be a contender for the Nobel Prize.

- 'Serious flaws' -

But not everyone is convinced of the findings, with skepticism surfacing recently on blogs and scientific US journals such as Science and New Scientist.

Paul Steinhardt, director of Princeton University's Center for Theoretical Science, addressed the issue in the prestigious British journal Nature in early June.

"Serious flaws in the analysis have been revealed that transform the sure detection into no detection," Steinhardt wrote, citing an independent analysis of the BICEP2 findings.

That analysis was carried out by David Spergel, a theoretical astrophysicist who is also at Princeton.

Spergel queried whether what the BICEP2 telescope picked up really came from the first moments of the universe's existence.

"What I think, it is not certain whether polarized emissions come from galactic dust or from the early universe," he told AFP.

"We know that galactic dust emits polarized radiations, we see that in many areas of the sky, and what we pointed out in our paper is that pattern they have seen is just as consistent with the galactic dust radiations as with gravitational waves."

When using just one frequency, as these scientists did, it is impossible to distinguish between gravitational waves and galactic emissions, Spergel added.

The question will likely be settled in the coming months when another, competing group, working with the European Space Agency's Planck telescope, publishes its results.

That telescope observes a large part of the sky -- versus the BICEP2's two percent -- and carries out measurements in six frequencies, according to Spergel.

"They should revise their claim," he said of the BICEP2 team. "I think in retrospect, they should have been more careful about making a big announcement." 

He went on to say that, contrary to normal procedure, there was no external check of the data before it was made public.

Philipp Mertsch of the Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology at Stanford University said data from Planck and another team should be able to "shed more light on whether it is primordial gravitational waves or dust in the Milky Way."

"Let me stress, however, that what is leaving me (and many of my colleagues) unsatisfied with the state of affairs: If it is polarized dust emission, where is it coming from?" he said in an email.

Kovac, an associate professor of astronomy and physics at Harvard, declined to respond to requests for comment.

Another member of the team, Jamie Bock of the California Institute of Technology, also declined to be interviewed.

At the time of their announcement in March, the scientists said they spent three years analyzing their data to rule out any errors.

Fragility Yet Free of Errors - Quantum Computing

Quantum computation: Fragile yet error-free  
by Staff Writers Innsbruck, Austria (SPX) Jun 16, 2014
 
This 7-ion system applied for encoding one logical quantum bit can be used as a building block for much larger quantum systems. The bigger the lattice, the more robust it becomes. Image courtesy IQOQI/Harald Ritsch.
Even computers are error-prone. The slightest disturbances may alter saved information and falsify the results of calculations. To overcome these problems, computers use specific routines to continuously detect and correct errors. This also holds true for a future quantum computer, which will require procedures for error correction as well: "Quantum phenomena are extremely fragile and error-prone. Errors can spread rapidly and severely disturb the computer," says Thomas Monz, member of Rainer Blatt's research group at the Institute for Experimental Physics at the University of Innsbruck.

"Together with Markus Muller and Miguel Angel Martin-Delgado from the Department for Theoretical Physics at the Complutense University in Madrid, the physicists in Innsbruck developed a new quantum error-correcting method and tested it experimentally.

"A quantum bit is extremely complex and cannot be simply copied. Moreover, errors in the microscopic quantum world are more manifold and harder to correct than in conventional computers," underlines Monz.
"To detect and correct general errors in a quantum computer, we need highly sophisticated so-called quantum error-correcting codes." The topological code used for this current experiment was proposed by Martin-Delgado's research group in Madrid. It arranges the qubits on a two-dimensional lattice, where they can interact with the neighboring particles.

A quantum bit encoded in seven ions
For the experiment at the University of Innsbruck the physicists confined seven calcium atoms in an ion trap, which allows them to cool these atoms to almost absolute zero temperature and precisely control them by laser beams. The researchers encoded the fragile quantum states of one logical qubit in entangled states of these particles.

The quantum error-correcting code provided the program for this process. "Encoding the logical qubit in the seven physical qubits was a real experimental challenge," relates Daniel Nigg, a member of Rainer Blatt's research group. The physicists achieved this in three steps, where in each step complex sequences of laser pulses were used to create entanglement between four neighboring qubits.

"For the first time we have been able to encode a single quantum bit by distributing its information over seven atoms in a controlled way," says an excited Markus Muller, who in 2011 moved from Innsbruck to the Complutense University in Madrid. "When we entangle atoms in this specific way, they provide enough information for subsequent error correction and possible computations."

Error-free operations In another step the physicists tested the code's capability to detect and correct different types of errors. "We have demonstrated that in this type of quantum system we are able to independently detect and correct every possible error for each particle," says Daniel Nigg. "To do this we only need information about the correlations between the particles and don't have to perform measurements of the single particles," explains Daniel Nigg's colleague Esteban Martinez.

In addition to reliably detecting single errors, the physicists were for the first time able to apply single or even repetitive operations on a logical encoded qubit. Once the obstacle of the complex encoding process is overcome, only simple single-qubit gate operations are necessary for each gate operation.

"With this quantum code we can implement basic quantum operations and simultaneously correct all possible errors," explains Thomas Monz this crucial milestone on the route towards a reliable and fault tolerant quantum computer.

Basis for future innovations This new approach developed by the Spanish and Austrian physicists constitutes a promising basis for future innovations. "This 7-ion system applied for encoding one logical quantum bit can be used as a building block for much larger quantum systems," says theoretical physicist Muller. "The bigger the lattice, the more robust it becomes.

The result might be a quantum computer that could perform any number of operations without being impeded by errors." The current experiment not only opens new routes for technological innovations: "Here, completely new questions come up, for example which methods can be used in the first place to characterise such large logical quantum bits," says Rainer Blatt with a view into the future.

"Moreover, we would also like to collaboratively develop the used quantum codes further to optimize them for even more extensive operations," adds Martin-Delgado.

Quantum Computations on a Topologically Encoded Qubit. Daniel Nigg, Markus Muller, Esteban A. Martinez, Philipp Schindler, Markus Hennrich, Thomas Monz, Miguel Angel Martin-Delgado, and Rainer Blatt. Science 2014 DOI: 10.1126/science.1253742 (arXiv:1403.5426)

Contexuality in Relation to Quantum Computing

Contextuality puts the 'magic' in quantum computing by Staff Writers Toronto, Canada (SPX) Jun 16, 2014
 
The paper shows that a quantum property called contextuality is the key.

A new theoretical advance explains where the power of quantum computation comes from, and will help researchers design and build better computers and algorithms. The strange properties of quantum mechanics give quantum computers the potential to perform some computations exponentially faster than conventional computers. But where the extra power comes from - and how best to take advantage of it - is in many ways still an open question.

A new paper in the journal Nature by CIFAR Fellow Joseph Emerson of the program in Quantum Information Science, along with colleagues at the Institute of Quantum Computing at the University of Waterloo, is a step towards solving the questions.

The paper shows that a quantum property called contextuality is the key. Contextuality refers to the fact that in quantum systems, a measurement will necessarily affect the thing being measured. For instance, if you want to measure the spin of a particle, it's wrong to think that there is a "real" spin just waiting to be revealed. Instead, the very act of measuring the spin helps determine what it will be.

"One way of thinking about contextuality is that inevitably measurements involve some kind of disturbance. I'm not just learning about some definite property the system had prior to the measurement. I can be learning about some property the system had, but only in a way that depends on how I did the measurement."

One of the leading approaches for quantum computing uses a technique called fault-tolerant stabilizer computation. It's a way of correcting errors that occur in quantum computers as the quantum states interact with the environment. By using a process called "magic-state distillation," quantum computers can be made to function dependably despite the noise introduced by the environment.

Emerson's paper shows that the only kinds of "magic states" that will yield quantum computational power are those that rely on contextuality.

"Ultimately this should be a tool for experimentalists, to set the bar for what they have to achieve if they want to build a quantum computer that is useful, perhaps as a litmus test for a quantum computer's viability," Emerson says.

Although the mathematical proof of the power of contextuality is limited for now to a particular kind of quantum computation, Emerson thinks that future work might show that it's a general feature of all quantum computation.

Emerson says that the result builds on earlier work from a collaboration with CIFAR Senior Fellow Daniel Gottesman (Perimeter Institute), which grew out of contact they had through the CIFAR program.

"The CIFAR quantum information network and CIFAR funding were both instrumental to developing this result, which was a collective effort from several members of my research group," Emerson says.